The National Flag of Ireland is a tricolour of green white and
orange. The flag is rectangular in shape, with its width being
twice its depth. The colours are of equal size, with the green
being next to the flagpole.
The flag was first introduced by Thomas Francis Meagher in 1848 who
based it on French tricolour.
The green represents the older Gaelic tradition, while the orange
represents the supporters of William of Orange. The white in the
centre signifies a lasting peace between the 'Orange' and the
It was not until the Easter Rising of 1916, when it was raised
above the General Post Office in Dublin, that the tricolour came to
be regarded as the national flag, replacing older green
The tricolour is now the official national flag and is enshrined in
the Constitution of Ireland.