About Italy

Name                    Italian Republic
Population             59.685.227
  (est. December 2012)
Capital                   Rome
Head of State        Giorgio Napolitano (May 2006)
Prime Minister      
Enrico Letta (Aprile 2013)


Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor Emmanuel II. An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito Mussolini came to power. Following World War II, and the abolition of the monarchy, a democratic republic was established.

Italy was a founder member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, and joined the Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.

System of Government

Italy has a bicameral parliament consisting of the Senate with 315 seats elected by proportional votes, and the Chamber of Deputies with 630 seats elected by popular vote. Parliament is elected for a five-year term of office. The last elections were held in April 2008.   The Council of Ministers (cabinet) is nominated by the Prime Minister and approved by the President.


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Contact Details

Villa Spada,
Via Giacomo Medici,
1 - 00153 Roma.

Main Tel: +39 06 5852381

Fax: +39 06 581 3336
Public Opening Hours:
Monday to Friday,
10.00 - 12.30 &
15.00- 16.30

Visa Office Opening Hours:
Monday, Wednesday and Friday
10.00 - 12.30